All the keys to understanding the new (and controversial) Climate Change Law

The future law, one of Pedro Sánchez’s star projects to pivot the social and economic reconstruction of Spain, comes to an end with evident discrepancies between those who praise its content and those who criticize its lack of climate ambition, although all describe it as necessary.

A participant in the March for Climate this Friday in the center of Madrid.

Ten years later that the Mixed Commission for the study of climate change recommended the drafting of a bill and four since After Spain ratifies the Paris Agreement before the United Nations, the law will foreseeably see the light of day this April, after an arduous process and over 750 amendments submitteddespite the fact that the PSOE had promised to present a climate law, only if it enjoyed “maximum social and political consensus”.

The future law starts with two key dates for its development: one, 2030when Spain must reduce 23 percent greenhouse gas emissions compared to 1990 (three more points in the text that the Government sent to Congress almost a year ago now), and another, 2050year to reach climate neutrality.

For Equo and More Countrythe law needs a higher climate ambition and they have urged more “courage” so that it is not born old, but rather it is a lever of change in the ecological transition and that it lives up to the consensus between ecologists and the scientific community.

Along the same lines, environmental organizations have stressed the need to increase up to a 55 percent reduction of emissions by 2030 and thus guarantee that Spain contributes, in accordance with its capacity and responsibility, to limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees, as pursued by the Paris Agreement.

The deputy of United We Can (UP), and president of the Commission for the Ecological Transition in Congress, Juan José López Uralde has observed that this law is “one of the most important of this legislature”, and has applauded its processing to “improve its content” and make it a “more ambitious and effective standard in the climate emergency”.

These are some of the most outstanding measures achieved in the development of this law, which still to be voted on in Congress to then pass to the Senate, as a fundamental framework on which to weave policies and strategies for sustainability, mitigation and adaptation to climate change:


.- climate neutrality by 2050 with 100% of electricity generated from renewable sources.

.- Objectives of the law for 2030: reduce emissions by 23% of greenhouse gases with respect to 1990; increase electricity generation from clean sources to 74% and improve the energy efficiency target to 39.5%. The Council of Ministers may revise these objectives upwards by 2030.

.- Prohibition of drilling and prospecting for fossil fuels: no request for the exploitation of hydrocarbons -on land or sea- will be processed, nor will permits for the exploitation of materials with radioactive properties be granted; Nor will hydrocarbon exploitation activities be authorized where the use of “fracking” is foreseen.

.- About Carsand in accordance with the European standard for decarbonisation by 2050, the law states that passenger cars and light commercial vehicles, not intended for commercial use, will gradually reduce their emissions, so that in order to 2040 are 0 emissions; It also establishes obligations for recharging points at gas stations and in buildings.

.- The text keeps the obligation by 2023 to create low emission zones in cities with more than 50,000 inhabitants, in order to reduce air pollution and CO2 emissions and favor electric mobility and public transport.

.- The law contemplates the consideration of climate change in the planning and management of the maritime-terrestrial public domain and establishes that the titles of occupation will be computed from their granting and will include all their extensions, without exceeding the maximum terms established in the law of costs, for a maximum computable period for the occupation of 75 years.

.- Boosts the energy rehabilitation of buildingsmonitors the impacts of climate change on public health and the achievement of a sustainable diet and prioritizes forests as carbon sinks.

.- The deployment of renewables It must be compatible with the conservation of the natural heritage and with combating demographic deterioration.

.- Obligation of the Government to review sustainability and climate change in the teachings of the Educational System.

.- Creation of a committee of scientific experts on climate and energy transition as the body responsible for evaluating and making recommendations on both issues.

.- Approval of national adaptation plans to climate change, to identify and assess impacts and in various possible scenarios.

.- The text also sets out key commitments for the future as a sustainable mobility law, a review of the energy system and a boost to the railway as transport to reduce emissions.

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